Analysis of Disaster and Safety Management Status and Key Measures
The government operates a disaster and safety management system launched under the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety, in order to prevent, prepare for, respond to and restore various situations caused by disasters. However, as disasters are increasing in occurrence and becoming more complex, it is time to devise a comprehensive and dynamic response.
With an awareness that “all disasters are social,” NABO analyzed Korean disaster and safety management with a focus on the resource allocation system for disaster and safety management, each area’s security management status as well as the status of disaster insurance management. Methods of resource allocation and institutional improvement were also explored in order to reinforce competence in disaster and safety management. Analysis was also conducted on safety management of hazardous chemical substances and facilities, as well as earthquake disaster prevention.
First, regarding the resource allocation system, the outcome of pre-consultations on disaster and safety budgets are not well circulated. In order to enhance the effectiveness of such pre-consultations, the Ministry of the Interior and Safety and Ministry of Strategy and Finance, which are the responsible ministries, will need to coordinate their budget allocating authorities for disasters and safety.
Second, in terms of safety management of hazardous chemical substances, in addition to setting measures to secure information on the hazardous nature of chemical materials such as by delaying the deliberation of chemical substances due to their reporting and registration, there is a need to develop measures to prevent delays in off-site risk assessment and risk management plan deliberations to prevent accidents caused by chemical substances.
Third, on facility safety management, relevant institutions need to be fine-tuned to enhance the effectiveness of safety inspections and precise safety diagnostics. In parallel, safety measures are required for factors that significantly affect facility safety such as poor construction, aging facilities and ground weakening.
Fourth, regarding earthquake disaster prevention, seismic design and ways to reinforce seismic performance should be pursued. Also, consideration should be given to enhancing the seismic design standard for general facilities to meet international standards such as the standard for nuclear power-related facilities.
Fifth, regarding disaster insurance, there are concerns about the fiscal soundness of reinsurance. Therefore, expenditures for reinsurance programs that have a purely subsidy-like nature should be registered under general or special accounting instead of funds.