Analysis of Social Security Projects by classes
Korean government has operated social security schemes such as social insurance, social assistance, and social service, in order to protect its people from social risks and improve their quality of lives in accordance with the Framework Act on Social Security. As the Framework states that government should build a customized social security system, Korean government has implemented customized social security programs to help all Koreans enjoy decent human lives, dealing with their basic needs throughout their life cycle, on the one hand, and coping with various social risks and special needs faced by each social class, on the other hand.
These policy analysis reports focus on the social security schemes for low-income group, the disabled, single-parent families, multi-cultural families, and farmers in particular. Each report covers the schemes for those social classes respectively and examines the policy implementation process and results.
According to the 2019 budget proposal, the Korean government allocates 53,276.9 billion won (14.2% increase compared to 2018) in 82 social security programs for low-income group, 2,643.1 billion won (31.2% increase compared to 2018) in 66 schemes for the disabled. For multi-cultural families, it invests 73.4 billion won (15.5% increase compared to 2018) in 5 programs, and 213.1 billion won (122.7% increase compared to 2018) in 5 programs for single-parent families. Also, it invests 918.7 billion won (14.4% increase compared to 2018) in 8 schemes for farmers in rural areas.
The results are as follows. First, the report recommends that the government needs to conduct in-depth research on the livelihoods of long-term recipients of the National Basic Livelihood Security(NBLS), long-term participants in Self-Sufficiency Program, and low-income people with excessive housing expenses or medical bill, and draw up effective measures for providing support to them. Also, it suggests that the government needs to pay more attention to the process of expanding coverage of the NBLS resulted from relaxing the criteria of family support obligation. Moreover, it calls on the government to provide more comprehensive management of various social security programs for low-income group such as asset-building support programs and public rental apartment.
Second, in the case of social security schemes for disabled people, the report suggests that the government should improve the unit price calculation method of Disability Pension, and strengthen job security nets such as an employment incentive program. Also, in the process of reforming disability degree system, the government is asked to set the appropriate criteria in order to operate each scheme in accordance with its purpose of providing a more suitable support for individuals with different disabilities than before.
Third, with regard to support for the settlement of multi-cultural families in Korea, the report proposes that the government should help multi-cultural families in urban and rural areas have equal access to tutoring and mentoring service at home. When it comes to child benefits for single-teenage-parent families, it points out the necessity to improve the accuracy of calculating the forecast number of recipients and the amount of budget. In addition, the government is requested to improve single-parent families’ access to policy information about social security programs in order to make sure that no qualified recipient is left out from any benefits.
Last, in the case of social security schemes for farmers, the report indicates that the government should expand the coverage of social insurance programs for farmers such as National Pension, Farmland Pension, and Agricultural Disaster Insurance. With regard to the scholarship for the successors of farming, it suggests that the government should draw up measures in order to make it operate in line with its purpose of supporting young people who want to take over farm business from their family. Furthermore, the government should make more efforts to enhance the performance of a rural housing improvement fund project in response to the deterioration of houses in rural areas, and draw up effective measures for stable farming activities and farmers’ decent livelihoods.